High Rised PV Power

Edinburgh Napier University have incororated photovoltaic panels onto the side of their Merchiston Campus building. The array provides electricity for a computer classroom. Plans are in progress to use the electricity to perform electolysis of water to create and store hydrogen for use in a fuel cell. Please click on the image to expand.

Building Integrated PV (BIPV)

What is BIPV?

Photovoltaics (PV) can be attached to existing buildings or built into the fabric of new architecture. Integrating PV into the skin of a building (building-integrated PV), or applying a solar module to a conventional building material (building applied PV) provide ways of developing the widespread use of PV. 

The UK has substantial built-up areas, which can be used to develop large installations of PV. The electricity generated by the PV can be used directly in the building or fed back into the grid. 

Both new and existing buildings can benefit greatly from BIPV. The appearance of the building façade can be improved through the addition of coloured PV cells and glazing. An important advance in this area has been the development of luminescent solar concentrators (LSC’s). Luminescent solar concentrators are well suited for use in the UK’s overcast weather conditions because they can function with diffuse (cloudy) light and be made in a wide range of colours and forms. They can be made from plastic or glass, so are ideal for incorporation into glazing. 

 

What are the challenges for BIPV?

A considerable challenge to overcome to allow for greater uptake of PV material within architectural design is to increase the range of colour and form of PV material. At present, the cost and performance penalties involved in creation of innovative BIPV designs tend to be prohibitive. LSC’s offer a colour alternative to the traditional blue and black PV panels. The disadvantage of LSC’s is their low efficiency. Improving the efficiency of these systems will allow for the availability of a cost effective, colour alternative.

  

How are these challenges being addressed by SISER researchers?

Heriot-Watt University is carrying out research into increasing the range of colour and form of PV. Their current work is focused on the use of LSC’s.The research aims are include developing new products that generate electricity due to incorporation of PV and can be used in the creation of aesthetically-pleasing architecture and works of art; to develop approaches and construct models for best practice in inventive and aesthetic use of PV, 

PV cells are typically opaque to visible light therefore are unsuitable for use as windows etc.  A solution to the above problem is proposed by Glasgow Caledonian University through the use of novel static low concentrating photovoltaics, which focus light onto an array of PV cells integrated in the window pane. The arrangement allows light transmission in the spaces between each PV cell but it also provides a high power output due to the wide acceptance angle of the 3-D concentrator. The technology is particularly suitable for use as windows, skylights or a roof cladding panel etc. 


SISER researchers with interest in BIPV are: Prof. Tariq MuneerDr Roberto RamirezProf. Susan Roaf and Dr Fan Wang

Full details of all SISER researchers are found on the SISER People Page

 

Publications

  1. Georgios Andreadis, Susan Roaf and Tapas Mallick. Tackling fuel poverty with building-integrated solar technologies: The case of the city of Dundee in Scotland. Energy and Buildings 59:310-320, 2013.
    BibTeX

    @article{Tackling fuel poverty with building-integrated solar technologies: The case of the city of Dundee in Scotland,
    	author = "Andreadis, Georgios and Roaf, Susan and Mallick, Tapas",
    	title = "Tackling fuel poverty with building-integrated solar technologies: The case of the city of Dundee in Scotland",
    	journal = "Energy and Buildings",
    	volume = 59,
    	pages = "310-320",
    	note = "Times Cited: 0 0",
    	year = 2013
    }
    
  2. P Clarke, S Munawwar, A Davidson, T Muneer and J Kubie. An investigation of possible improvements in accuracy of regressions between diffuse and global solar irradiation. Building Services Engineering Research & Technology 28(2):189-197, 2007.
    BibTeX

    @article{An investigation of possible improvements in accuracy of regressions between diffuse and global solar irradiation,
    	author = "Clarke, P. and Munawwar, S. and Davidson, A. and Muneer, T. and Kubie, J.",
    	title = "An investigation of possible improvements in accuracy of regressions between diffuse and global solar irradiation",
    	journal = "Building Services Engineering Research & Technology",
    	volume = 28,
    	number = 2,
    	pages = "189-197",
    	note = "Times Cited: 3 3",
    	year = 2007
    }
    
  3. P Clarke, T Muneer, A Davidson and J Kubie. Models for the estimation of building integrated photovoltaic systems in urban environments. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part a-Journal of Power and Energy 222(A1):61-67, 2008.
    BibTeX

    @article{Models for the estimation of building integrated photovoltaic systems in urban environments,
    	author = "Clarke, P. and Muneer, T. and Davidson, A. and Kubie, J.",
    	title = "Models for the estimation of building integrated photovoltaic systems in urban environments",
    	journal = "Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part a-Journal of Power and Energy",
    	volume = 222,
    	number = "A1",
    	pages = "61-67",
    	note = "Times Cited: 1 1",
    	year = 2008
    }
    
  4. M Fuentes, A Dichler and S Roaf. The Oxford Solar House. Renewable Energy 8(1-4):145-153, 1996.
    BibTeX

    @article{The Oxford Solar House,
    	author = "Fuentes, M. and Dichler, A. and Roaf, S.",
    	title = "The Oxford Solar House",
    	journal = "Renewable Energy",
    	volume = 8,
    	number = "1-4",
    	pages = "145-153",
    	note = "Times Cited: 0 World Renewable Energy Congress - Renewable Energy, Energy Efficiency and the Environment Jun 15-21, 1996 Denver, co 0",
    	year = 1996
    }
    
  5. D Infield, L Mei and U Eicker. Thermal performance estimation for ventilated PV facades. Solar Energy 76(1-3):93-98, 2004.
    BibTeX

    @article{Thermal performance estimation for ventilated PV facades,
    	author = "Infield, D. and Mei, L. and Eicker, U.",
    	title = "Thermal performance estimation for ventilated PV facades",
    	journal = "Solar Energy",
    	volume = 76,
    	number = "1-3",
    	pages = "93-98",
    	note = "Times Cited: 38 Si Solar World Congress Nov 25-dec 02, 2001 Adelaide, australia Int Solar Energy Soc 38",
    	year = 2004
    }
    
  6. Y Ji, M J Cook, V I Hanby, D G Infield, D L Loveday and L Mei. CFD modelling of Double-Skin Facades with venetian blinds. Building Simulation 2007, Vols 1-3, Proceedings, pages 1491-1498, 2007.
    BibTeX

    @article{CFD modelling of Double-Skin Facades with venetian blinds,
    	author = "Ji, Y. and Cook, M. J. and Hanby, V. I. and Infield, D. G. and Loveday, D. L. and Mei, L.",
    	title = "CFD modelling of Double-Skin Facades with venetian blinds",
    	journal = "Building Simulation 2007, Vols 1-3, Proceedings",
    	pages = "1491-1498",
    	note = "Times Cited: 0 Jiang, Y Zhu, YX Yang, XD Li, XT 10th Conference of the International-Building-Performance-Simulation-Association Sep 03-06, 2007 Tsinghua Univ, Beijing, PEOPLES R CHINA China HVAC&R Soc; Amer Soc Heating, Refrigerat & Air Condit Engineers; Energy Conservat Buildings & Community Syst; Federat European Heating & Air Conditioning Assoc; US DOE; Int Bldg Performance Simulat Assoc 978-0-9771706-3-0",
    	year = 2007
    }
    
  7. Gudrun Kocher-Oberlehner, Maria Bardosova, Martyn Pemble and Bryce S Richards. Planar photonic solar concentrators for building-integrated photovoltaics. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells 104:53-57, 2012.
    BibTeX

    @article{Planar photonic solar concentrators for building-integrated photovoltaics,
    	author = "Kocher-Oberlehner, Gudrun and Bardosova, Maria and Pemble, Martyn and Richards, Bryce S.",
    	title = "Planar photonic solar concentrators for building-integrated photovoltaics",
    	journal = "Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells",
    	volume = 104,
    	pages = "53-57",
    	note = "Times Cited: 1 1",
    	year = 2012
    }
    
  8. R W Martin, S C Howell, R J Jones, S H Bhavnani and Asme. Habitat operated utilizing solar energy (house)(c): A grid-independent 100% solar-powered residential dwelling. Energy Conversion and Resources - 2003 series, 2003.
    BibTeX

    @book{Habitat operated utilizing solar energy (house)(c): A grid-independent 100% solar-powered residential dwelling,
    	author = "Martin, R. W. and Howell, S. C. and Jones, R. J. and Bhavnani, S. H. and Asme",
    	title = "Habitat operated utilizing solar energy (house)(c): A grid-independent 100% solar-powered residential dwelling",
    	series = "Energy Conversion and Resources - 2003",
    	note = "Times Cited: 0 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress Nov 15-21, 2003 Washington, DC ASME, Fluid Power Syst & Technol Div; ASME, Micro Elect Mech Syst Div; ASME, Fluids Engn Div; ASME, Bioengn Div; ASME, Appl Mech Div; ASME, Elect & Photon Packaging Div; ASME, Mfg Engn Div; ASME, Adv Energy Syst Div; ASME, Aerosp Div",
    	pages = "205-211",
    	year = 2003
    }
    
  9. L Mei, D Infield, U Eicker and V Fux. Thermal modelling of a building with an integrated ventilated PV facade. Energy and Buildings 35(6):605-617, 2003.
    BibTeX

    @article{Thermal modelling of a building with an integrated ventilated PV facade,
    	author = "Mei, L. and Infield, D. and Eicker, U. and Fux, V.",
    	title = "Thermal modelling of a building with an integrated ventilated PV facade",
    	journal = "Energy and Buildings",
    	volume = 35,
    	number = 6,
    	pages = "605-617",
    	note = "Times Cited: 49 51",
    	year = 2003
    }
    
  10. L Mei, D G Infield, R Gottschalg, D L Loveday, D Davies and M Berry. Equilibrium thermal characteristics of a building integrated photovoltaic tiled roof. Solar Energy 83(10):1893-1901, 2009.
    BibTeX

    @article{Equilibrium thermal characteristics of a building integrated photovoltaic tiled roof,
    	author = "Mei, L. and Infield, D. G. and Gottschalg, R. and Loveday, D. L. and Davies, D. and Berry, M.",
    	title = "Equilibrium thermal characteristics of a building integrated photovoltaic tiled roof",
    	journal = "Solar Energy",
    	volume = 83,
    	number = 10,
    	pages = "1893-1901",
    	note = "Times Cited: 4 Gottschalg, Ralph/C-3654-2013 Gottschalg, Ralph/0000-0002-0066-0899 4",
    	year = 2009
    }
    
  11. Firdaus Muhammad-Sukki, Abu Bakar Munir, Roberto Ramirez-Iniguez, Siti Hawa Abu-Bakar, Siti Hajar Mohd Yasin, Scott G McMeekin and Brian G Stewart. Solar photovoltaic in Malaysia: The way forward. Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews 16(7):5232-5244, 2012.
    BibTeX

    @article{Solar photovoltaic in Malaysia: The way forward,
    	author = "Muhammad-Sukki, Firdaus and Munir, Abu Bakar and Ramirez-Iniguez, Roberto and Abu-Bakar, Siti Hawa and Yasin, Siti Hajar Mohd and McMeekin, Scott G. and Stewart, Brian G.",
    	title = "Solar photovoltaic in Malaysia: The way forward",
    	journal = "Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews",
    	volume = 16,
    	number = 7,
    	pages = "5232-5244",
    	note = "Times Cited: 1 1",
    	year = 2012
    }
    
  12. An evaluation of the installation of solar photovoltaic in residential houses in Malaysia: Past, present, and future. Energy Policy 39(12):7975-7987, 2011.
    BibTeX

    @article{An evaluation of the installation of solar photovoltaic in residential houses in Malaysia: Past,
    	present, and future, author = "Muhammad-Sukki, Firdaus and Ramirez-Iniguez, Roberto and Abu-Bakar, Siti Hawa and McMeekin, Scott G. and Stewart, Brian G.",
    	title = "An evaluation of the installation of solar photovoltaic in residential houses in Malaysia: Past, present, and future",
    	journal = "Energy Policy",
    	volume = 39,
    	number = 12,
    	pages = "7975-7987",
    	note = "Times Cited: 1 1",
    	year = 2011
    }
    
  13. R Setchi, I Jordanov, R J Howlett and L C Jain (eds.). Optimised Dielectric Totally Internally Reflecting Concentrator for the Solar Photonic Optoelectronic Transformer System: Maximum Concentration Method. Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence series, volume 6279, pages 633-641, 2010.
    BibTeX

    @inbook{Optimised Dielectric Totally Internally Reflecting Concentrator for the Solar Photonic Optoelectronic Transformer System: Maximum Concentration Method,
    	author = "Muhammad-Sukki, Firdaus and Ramirez-Iniguez, Roberto and McMeekin, Scott G. and Stewart, Brian G. and Clive, Barry",
    	title = "Optimised Dielectric Totally Internally Reflecting Concentrator for the Solar Photonic Optoelectronic Transformer System: Maximum Concentration Method",
    	booktitle = "Knowledge-Based and Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems, Pt Iv",
    	editor = "Setchi, R. and Jordanov, I. and Howlett, R. J. and Jain, L. C.",
    	series = "Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence",
    	volume = 6279,
    	pages = "633-641",
    	note = "Times Cited: 0 14th Interntional Conference on Knowledge-Based and Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems Sep 08-10, 2010 Cardiff, WALES Cardiff Univ, Sch Engn; KES Int",
    	year = 2010
    }
    
  14. Firdaus Muhammad-Sukki, Roberto Ramirez-Iniguez, Abu Bakar Munir, Siti Hajar Mohd Yasin, Siti Hawa Abu-Bakar, Scott G McMeekin and Brian G Stewart. Revised feed-in tariff for solar photovoltaic in the United Kingdom: A cloudy future ahead?. Energy Policy 52:832-838, 2013.
    BibTeX

    @article{Revised feed-in tariff for solar photovoltaic in the United Kingdom: A cloudy future ahead?,
    	author = "Muhammad-Sukki, Firdaus and Ramirez-Iniguez, Roberto and Munir, Abu Bakar and Yasin, Siti Hajar Mohd and Abu-Bakar, Siti Hawa and McMeekin, Scott G. and Stewart, Brian G.",
    	title = "Revised feed-in tariff for solar photovoltaic in the United Kingdom: A cloudy future ahead?",
    	journal = "Energy Policy",
    	volume = 52,
    	pages = "832-838",
    	note = "Times Cited: 1 1",
    	year = 2013
    }
    
  15. S Roaf. The UK photovoltaic house - A one world approach to buildings. Appropriate Technology 22(3):10-10, 1995.
    BibTeX

    @article{The UK photovoltaic house - A one world approach to buildings,
    	author = "Roaf, S.",
    	title = "The UK photovoltaic house - A one world approach to buildings",
    	journal = "Appropriate Technology",
    	volume = 22,
    	number = 3,
    	pages = "10-10",
    	note = "Times Cited: 0 0",
    	year = 1995
    }
    
  16. Fan Wang, Alvaro Manzanares-Bennett, Jan Tucker, Susan Roaf and Nicholas Heath. A feasibility study on solar-wall systems for domestic heating - An affordable solution for fuel poverty. Solar Energy 86(9):2405-2415, 2012.
    BibTeX

    @article{A feasibility study on solar-wall systems for domestic heating - An affordable solution for fuel poverty,
    	author = "Wang, Fan and Manzanares-Bennett, Alvaro and Tucker, Jan and Roaf, Susan and Heath, Nicholas",
    	title = "A feasibility study on solar-wall systems for domestic heating - An affordable solution for fuel poverty",
    	journal = "Solar Energy",
    	volume = 86,
    	number = 9,
    	pages = "2405-2415",
    	note = "Times Cited: 0 0",
    	year = 2012
    }